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    Default CS Foundation Programme : Economics and Statistics – June 2011


    0 Not allowed! Not allowed!
    This Paper has 62 answerable questions with 0 answered.
    Roll No………
    Time allowed : 3 hours Maximum marks : 100
    Total number of questions : 8 Total number of printed pages : 8
    PART – A
    (Answer Question No.1 which is compulsory
    and any two of the rest from this part.)
    1. (a) State, with reasons in brief, whether the following statements are true or false :
    (i) Negative income elasticity for a product would indicate that the product is an inferior product. (0)
    (ii) Each firm in the monopolistic competition has a downward sloping demand curve. (0)
    (iii) Purchasing power of money increases with increase in prices. (0)
    (iv) Fiscal deficit is same as budgetary deficit. (0)
    (v) WTO helps member nations in the settlement of their political disputes. (0)
    (2 marks each)
    (b) Write the most appropriate answer from the given options in respect of the following:
    (i) Tourism industry is an example of–
    (a) primary sector
    (b) Secondary sector
    (c) Tertiary sector
    (d) None of the above
    (0)
    (ii) When marginal product is zero, the total product is –
    (a) Maximum
    (b) Increasing
    (c) Decreasing
    (d) Constant.
    (0)
    (iii) Contraction in demand of a commodity is the result of –
    (a) Decrease in the number of its buyers.
    (b) Increase in its price.
    (c) Increase in prices of related goods.
    (d) Decrease in income of buyers.
    (0)
    (iv) In the national context, which of the following indicates the macro approach–
    (a) Sale of Maruti cars
    (b) Export of cashew nuts to USA
    (c) Income from railways
    (d) Inflation in India.
    (0)
    (v) Price discrimination is possible under –
    (a) Perfect competition
    (b) Monopoly
    (c) Oligopoly
    (d) None of the above.
    (0)
    (1 mark each)
    (c) How would you define ‘money’? What are the alternatives approaches while defining money? (0)
    (5 marks)
    2. (a) Distinguish between any three of the following:
    (i) ‘Positive economics’ and ‘normative economics’. (0)
    (ii) ‘Supply’ and ‘stock’. (0)
    (iii) ‘Internal diseconomies’ and ‘external diseconomies’. (0)
    (iv) ‘Private income’ and ‘Personal income’. (0)
    (3 marks each)
    (b) Re–write the following sentences after filling–in the blank spaces with appropriate word(s)/figure(s):
    (i) The book titled ‘An enquiry into the nature and causes of the Wealth of Nations’ was written by___________. (0)
    (ii) Stabilisation of price–level is the objective of ____________policy. (0)
    (iii) Commodities which are perishable in nature have__________supply. (0)
    (iv) To a consumer, the utility of a good is the_____________which he expects from its consumption. (0)
    (v) Net National Product = Gross National Product minus_____________. (0)
    (vi) Physical relationship between inputs and output is known as______________. (0)
    (1 mark each)
    3. Comment on any three of the following :
    (i) A pure capitalist economy is characterised by absence of State intervention in economic activities. (0)
    (ii) Normally, a demand curve has a negative slope. (0)
    (iii) For price discrimination to be successful, certain conditions have to be fulfilled. (0)
    (iv) Economic welfare is closely related to composition and distribution of national income. (0)
    (5 marks each)
    4. Attempt any three of the following :
    (i) What do you mean by ‘disequilibrium’ in balance of payments? What steps could be taken to overcome it? (0)
    (ii) Describe briefly the objectives and tools of fiscal policy. (0)
    (iii) Discuss in brief the functions of the Reserve Bank of India. (0)
    (iv) What is World Trade Organisation (WTO)? State the objectives and principles of WTO trading system. (0)
    (5 marks each)
    PART – B
    (Answer Question No.5 which is compulsory
    and any two of the rest from this part.)
    5. (a) State, with reasons in brief, whether the following statements are true or false :
    (i) Statistics can prove anything. (0)
    (ii) It is essential to set the series into ascending or descending order to calculate mean. (0)
    (iii) A distribution with greater co–efficient of variation is said to be more uniform. (0)
    (iv) Karl Pearson's co–efficient of correlation is not suitable for use when dealing with qualitative characteristics. (0)
    (v) Fisher’s index number is an ‘ideal index number’. (0)
    (2 marks each)
    (b) Write the most appropriate answer from the given options in respect of the following:
    (i) "Statistics is a science of estimates and probabilities." This definition is given by–
    (a) Webster
    (b) Boddington
    (c) Selligman
    (d) Cowden.
    (0)
    (ii) Which of the following is not secondary data–
    (a) Data published in research journals
    (b) Data published by WTO
    (c) Data published in news paper
    (d) Data obtained by a firm in a market survey.
    (0)
    (iii) When both lower and upper limits are considered, such classes are called –
    (a) Exclusive
    (b) Inclusive
    (c) Cumulative
    (d) Mutually dependent
    (0)
    (iv) Which average is suitable to study the average intelligence level –
    (a) Mode
    (b) Median
    (c) Arithmetic mean
    (d) Geometric mean.
    (0)
    (v) Which of the following can also be determined by graphic method–:
    (a) Arithmetic mean
    (b) Harmonic mean
    (c) Geometric mean
    (d) Median.
    (0)
    (vi) The measure of variation that is least affected by extreme observations is –
    (a) Range
    (b) Mean deviation
    (c) Standard deviation
    (d) Quartile deviation.
    (0)
    (vii) A distribution is called symmetrical when –
    (a) X > Z
    (b) Z > X
    (c) M > X
    (d) X = M = Z.
    (0)
    (viii) Correlation is said to be linear when–
    (a) Increase in one variable results in decrease in other variable
    (b) Decrease in one variable results in increase in other variable
    (c) Change in one variable results in change in other variable
    (d) Change in one variable tends to bear constant ratio of change in other variable.
    (0)
    (ix) Which of the following indices uses only current year quantities as weights –
    (a) Bowley’s index number
    (b) Laspeyre’s index number
    (c) Paasche’s index number
    (d) Fisher’s index number
    (0)
    (x) Which one of the following is not used in the measurement of trend –
    (a) semi–average method
    (b) Moving average method
    (c) Least squares method
    (d) Estimation method.
    (0)
    (1 mark each)
    6. (a) Distinguish between any three of the following:
    (i) ‘Deliberate sampling’ and ‘random sampling’. (0)
    (ii) ‘Classification’ and ‘tabulation’. (0)
    (iii) ‘Direct investigation’ and ‘indirect investigation’. (0)
    (iv) ‘Historigram’ and ‘histogram’. (0)
    (3 marks each)
    (b) Re–write the following sentences after filling–in the blank spaces with appropriate word(s)/figure(s) :
    (i) "Statistics may be defined as the science of collection, presentation, analysis and interpretation of numerical data."This definition has been given by_______________. (0)
    (ii) The___________provides the basis of theory of probability in statistics (0)
    (iii) Business forecasting is done with the help of___________statistics. (0)
    (iv) ____________are the values of a variable that divide a distribution in to ten equal parts. (0)
    (v) Arithmetic mean of 5, 30, 90, 800 and 6,500 is________________. (0)
    (vi) The mean of 10 observations is 35. If each observation is multiplies by 5,the changed mean will be______________. (0)
    (1 mark each)
    7. Attempt any three of the following :
    (a) From the following data, draw the pie chart:
    Distribution of Rupee Spent on Khadi
    Head of Expense Paise
    Farmer
    Carder and spinner
    Weaver
    Washerman, dyer and printer
    Administrative agency 19
    35
    28
    8
    10
    Total: 100
    (0)
    (5 marks)
    (b) Calculate Laspeyre’s, Paasche’s and Fisher’s index numbers for the following data:
    Item Base period Current period
    Qty. Price Qty. Price
    A
    B
    C
    D 12
    15
    24
    5 10
    7
    5
    16 15
    20
    20
    5 12
    5
    9
    14
    (0)
    (5 marks)
    (c) Find out mean deviation and its coefficient from median of the following data:
    size(x)
    frequency (y) 10
    3 11
    12 12
    18 13
    12 14
    3
    (0)
    (5 marks)
    (d) From the following data related to two factories, find –
    (i) which factory pays larger amount as total wages per hour; and
    (ii) which factory is more variable in wages:
    Factory
    A
    B No. of Workers
    200
    250 Average wage
    Rs.15 per hour
    Rs.12 per hour Variance
    16
    9



    (0)
    (5 marks)
    8. Attempt any three of the following :
    (a) Write short notes on –(i) Spurious correlation: and (ii) Scatter diagram. (0)
    (5 marks)
    (b) Calculate Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation from the following data and also interpret the result:
    X
    10
    12
    14
    16
    18 Y
    20
    16
    12
    8
    4
    (0)
    (5 marks)
    (c) Explain briefly the problems in the construction of index numbers. (0)
    (5 marks)
    (d) Calculate trend values from the following data using least squares method and estimate the number of workers for the year 2011 :
    Year
    No. of Workers (in thousand) 2006
    10 2007
    12 2008
    13 2009
    14 2010
    16
    (0)
    (5 marks)
    Attached Files Attached Files

 

 

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